Acne – The Complete Resource

Acne – The Complete Resource

Acne, a vary common skin problem affecting millions all over the world. Although acne is not a serious health threat but may be a major cause for emotional distress.

Acne – The Complete Resource – The table of contents :

1. What Is Acne?
2. Common locations of acne
3. Pictures Of Acne
4. Types Of Acne
5. What Causes Acne
6. Who Are Affected
7. How Is Acne Treated
8. How Should People With Acne Care About Their Skin
9. Best Selling Acne Treatment Products At Amazon

What is Acne ?

Acne is believed to result from the action of the hormones on the sebaceous glands and hair follicles. Acne is believed to be a disorder of the pilosebaceous units. The secretions from the sebaceous glands and the sweat glands clog the pores of the hair follicles thus causing pimples, also called zits.

Common locations of acne :

Acne commonly occurs in the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders as sebaceous units are more numerous in these locations. Pilosebaceous units consists of the sebaceous glands and the hair follicles. The sebaceous glands open into a small canal called the hair follicle that contains a fine hair. The sebaceous gland secretes an oily substance called the sebum that normally is evacuated in the surface of the skin through openings of the hair follicle.

The sebum, hairs and keratinocytes may block the opening of the hair follicle, thus leading to formation of the early acne. The blocked serum and collected cells promote the growth of Propionibacterium acnes into the clogged hair follicles. Propionibacterium acnes a bacteria that commonly reside in the skin. The chemicals secreted by this bacteria stimulates the migration of white blood cells and incite inflammation. Inflammation in short is characterized swelling, redness, heat and pain. Ultimately the walls of the plugged hair follicle ruptures, releasing sebum, skin cells and bacteria over the skin leading to acne lesions.

Pictures Of Acne:

acne images Acne   The Complete Resource
Acne of a 14-year-old male during puberty

Image Source – Wikipedia

Backacne Acne   The Complete Resource
Backacne

By James Heilman, MD (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons

Types Of Acne :

Comedo is the name given to enlarged and clogged hair follicle. When the enlarged and plugged hair follicle remains underneath the skin, it is called closed comedo or whitehead as it produces a white small lump. When the comedo reaches the skin and opens up, it looks black on the skin surface thus called the Blackheads. Contrary to the popular belief Blackheads are not due to dirt but it look black due to the discoloration of the sebum.

Acne vulgaris may also take the form of papules or pinheads, nodules or pustules (pimples). The term nodulocystic acne is used to refer to severe inflammatory acne.

What causes acne?

Although the exact cause behind the genesis of acne is unknown, but hormonal changes, heredity and genetics are important causal factors. It is believed the male sex hormones or the androgens play a significant role in the causation of acne. Irrespective of sex, in both boys and girls the male sex hormones increase during puberty which causes enlargement of the sebaceous glands and increased sebum secretion. Changes in the hormone levels during pregnancy and start and stop of birth control pills may also cause acne.

Who are Affected :

Acne commonly occurs during adolescence, related to the increase in testosterone secretion during puberty. With age acne tends to diminish and disappear by the age of 25. In some instances acne can persist to fourth and fifth decade.

pictures of acne Acne   The Complete Resource
pictures of acne

How Is Acne Treated ?

Family practitioners can treat the milder cases of acne. But most of the acne are treated by dermatologists, specially the severe cases. Your Doctor pay prescribe over-the-counter or prescription medicines for the cure of acne. These medicines may be available in several forms like gels, lotions, soaps, creams and tablets [that has to be taken by mouth]. Starting an early treatment is the best way to prevent acne scars.

Treatment Of Milder cases of acne :

Milder acne like blackheads, whiteheads, pustules and lesions near the surface of the skin can be

acne image Acne   The Complete Resource
Acne The Complete Resource

sometimes managed at home.

* Clean the skin gently with mild cleansers in the morning and after workouts.

* Using an OTC topical preparation containing Benzoyl peroxide , Salicyclic acid, Resorcinol and Sulfur.

This acne treatment may take 6 to 8 weeks to resolve. The medicines should be continued even after their resolution to prevent new lesions from appearing. In cases where the acne disorder does not respond to this home therapy for acne, a dermatologist should be consulted.

Image Source: Acne – National Institute Of Arthritis And Muskuloskeletal And Skin Diseases

Treatment Of Moderate to Moderately Severe Acne :

Treating moderate o severe acne usually requires the help of a dermatologist. The usual medicines prescribed are :

* Over the counter topical acne formulations

* Prescription medicines :

Oral Antibiotics

Oral Contraceptives

Topical retinoids

Topical antibiotics

Physical methods such as light therapy and comedo extraction.

Treatment Of Severe Acne :

Severe acne is characterized by extensive inflammation and skin damage. These cases are treated aggressively by a deramatologist.

The prescription drugs and procedures that dermatologists used to treat severe acne include :

Isotrtinoin

Oral Antibiotics

Oral Contraceptives

Drainage and surgical incision

Intralesional corticosteroid injection

All the prescription and OTC acne medications may have side effects. If you experience any of the side effects, you should immediately report to your Doctor.

How Should People With Acne Care About Their Skin :

* Individuals with acne should avoid touching the affected area. Squeezing, pinching, hard scrubbing will further worsen the situation.

* Shave carefully

* Avoid excessive exposure to sun. Many of the acne medicines increase the likelihood of sunburn.

* Shampoo your hair regularly

Best Selling Acne Treatment Products At Amazon

Salicyclic acid helps in break down of the whiteheads and the blackheads. Salicyclic acid also prevents abnormal shedding of cells along the lining surface of hair follicles. Salicyclic acid is one of the most commonly used OTC formulations used for the treatment of acne.

1. Salicylic Acid 20% Gel Peel – Enhanced with Tea Tree Oil & Green Tea Extract (Professional Chemical Peel)

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3. Exposed Acne Treatment – Basic Kit
As stated in the product description, the exposed acne treatment kit consists of a facial cleanser based on Salicyclic acid that effectively cleans your skin without over-drying it. The second component of the kit is a Salicyclic acid based tonic that penetrates the blackheads and whiteheads and brings the skin back to it’s natural healthy state.Acne Treatment Serum (Benzoyl Peroxide Acne Treatment) prevents new acnes and whiteheads.Clear Pore Serum (Salicylic Acid Acne Treatment) deeply penetrates the acne lesions and rebalance your skin. Free Derm-X Cloth is a microdermabrasion cloth that removes exfoliated dead cells, oils and dirt.

41mPg%2B4z46L Acne   The Complete Resource
Acne The Complete Resource

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References :

Acne – National Institute Of Arthritis And Muskuloskeletal And Skin Diseases